Gradation, using paint, can be taught successfully to children. It is important for them to be shown how to hold their brushes and how to work the paint with smooth flowing forward and backward
strokes involving the wrist and arm. Some children will hold the brush at the far end not allowing for control. While others will have a pencil like grip near the bristle end that promotes short
strokes and prevents the smooth transitions required for gradation.
Value can be integral to many drawings and paintings. The process of teaching children how to apply value or shading to their art takes time. Some children will understand and apply it
to their work immediately. Most children need explicit teaching and many opportunities to understand and apply it.